Afghanistan: Education and practical skills
By 2021, Afghanistan has made tremendous progress in education. In 2001, only 773,000 children attended primary school; by 2018, the figure was already more than 6.5 million. The number of children in schools at all levels increased from 0.9 million in 2001 to 9.2 million in 2001, of which 39% are girls. At the same time, the participation of girls in the first grade has increased from essentially zero in 2001 to 65% of all girls in 2021.
With the new regime, there are many unknowns regarding education, especially for women. We still do not have enough information to know what access to education will look like in the coming months or years. Currently, there are approximately 2.6 million children without access to education (over 60% are girls). The barriers we record are many - lack of educational capacity and space, lack of teachers, poor transport links, traditional access to education, children's involvement in economic support for the family, school closures due to a global pandemic, or lack of financial resources to buy school supplies and textbooks.
In previous years, People in Need has focused on rebuilding schools in rural areas and subsequently supporting systemic changes in secondary vocational education, specializing in agricultural production. Since this year, it has focused primarily on providing primary schooling for children from households that are in acute material need or have had to leave their homes.
Providing basic educational needs for boys and girls affected by the crisis
Improving the quality of secondary schools
In the next phase of the programme, the key instrument for our activities was the instrument for monitoring of the activities and performance of pilot schools the results of which form the basis for certification of model schools. The system of model, pilot schools lays the foundation for spreading good practice into other schools as well. This programme contributed towards the implementation of the national TVET (Technical Vocational Education and Training) strategy for Afghanistan for the period 2013 to 2018. In addition to the quality of schools being monitored by government institutions they are also linked with private companies and concentrate on education of the practical skills demanded by the employment market. The participation of girls has increased.
In 2017, People in Need cooperated with 20 pilot schools and a further 13 schools were included in the good practice replication programme. One of the results of our activities directed at linking agricultural schools with agricultural enterprises is 284 students who found an internship in of these enterprises.